June 13, 2009

Archdiocese, cathedral, basilica

The cathedral of the Archdiocese of Manila, known by all as the Manila Cathedral, is located in Intramuros. It is the sixth cathedral to rise on the site since 1581. The first cathedral, made of bamboo and nipa, was built after Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull in 1579 creating the Diocese of Manila under the Archbishopric of Mexico. In 1595, Pope Clement VIII elevated the diocese into an archdiocese. The cathedral at the time, the third structure, was described as having "three naves and seven chapels" and seems to have been the design followed in its next three reconstructions. The present church was built after WWII, from 1954 to 1958. In 1981, Pope John Paul II honored the Manila Metropolitan Cathedral by declaring it a minor basilica and it now also retains the title of "Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception." The plaza with the fountain in front of the cathedral is called "Plaza de Roma" which I will feature in a separate post.

Manila Cathedral

22 comments:

Dina said...

Very beautiful.
Thanks for the history of the cathedral.

Vogon Poet said...

Great church with an interesting story, the building looks older than half a century, and this is obviously intended as a compliment. Even the square looks beautiful, and it has to be with such an imposing name.

B Squared said...

The multiple arches create a beckoning feeling. The statues add much to the building as well.

Rambling Round said...

This cathedral really does have it all! I love the statues, the rose window and the cross on top. Beautiful architecture.

Lois said...

It's absolutely magnificent Hilda! I could stare at it all day. I love everything about it from the fountain to the tower to the dome. I also enjoyed reading about the history.

James said...

This too looks much older than it is. I love the style and the grounds with the fountain an trees are beautiful.

Petrea said...

Nicely done, Hilda! It's beautiful, and I enjoy the history.

Chin said...

Nice view and I also enjoyed reading about the history.

Jacob said...

I'm impressed. Very striking. Certainly has European aspects to it also.

Fascinating story, too, Hilda.

Have a great weekend!

Frank said...

The building is impressive. Thanks for the terrifc story behind it. Great history as always.

Tribudragon said...

Hi ;)

Maybe one day I will be able to bring you one paper umbrella to Manila;)

Greetings,
Laonard

Eki Qushay Akhwan said...

what a grand structure! very beautiful, Hilda!

our cathedrals are not as old as yours, but some of them are also beautiful.

btw, a belated Happy Independence Day of the Republic of The Philippines!

Your EG Tour Guide said...

Beautiful buildings! I'm impressed.

Cezar and Léia said...

Wow, this cathedral is so beautiful! And in a different way the Canadian totem is beautiful as well!
Léia and Luna enjoyed the fashionable Maria Clara...
God bless you!
Cezar

George said...

The cathedral is beautiful and the history is fascinating. Thanks for an interesting and informative post.

nobu said...

This cathedral has fine detailes.
Beautiful photo!

Don and Krise said...

This is so beautiful, let's hope this one is around for a long time. Thank you again for another history lesson Hilda. We love 'em.

Hilda said...

Vogon Poet, James:
The design of the cathedral is more than 400 years old, though the structure itself is new. It keeps getting destroyed by earthquakes, then the last one was totaled during WWII.

Jacob:
That 'European influence' would be Spanish.

JM said...

Beautiful architecture!

Lisa Wilson said...

What an amazing place! We just don't have anything like that around here, for sure!

the donG said...

definitely one of the most beautiful church in the metro. its exterior is really beautiful. interior though lacks character as its ceiling is plain. but still one of the most beautiful church in the country.

nice shot!

Layrayski said...

Beautiful photo of the church Hilda =)